Turkish Studies

Entry requirements

  • A bachelor’s degree from a university, equivalent to the level of a Dutch academic bachelor’s degree, or demonstrate to meet the requirements for such a degree, including the General Academic Skills.
  • A bachelor’s degree in Turkish Studies or another relevant discipline
  • An adequate proficiency in reading Turkish (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: reading B2).
  • Sufficient command of English (IELTS 7.0, TOEFL 100 (internet-based) or Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE)) evidenced by an appropriate test.
    This language requirement does not apply if you have:
    • completed your education in Canada (except Quebec), USA, UK, Ireland, New Zealand or Australia, or
    • an International Baccalaureate, or
    • a Dutch VWO-diploma.

Students who have a Bachelor’s degree in Middle Eastern Studies from Leiden University with a specialisation in Turkish Language and Culture are always eligible for admission and only need to apply through Studielink. All others need to submit an online application. See How to apply for further details.

Applicants with a bachelor’s degree from a university of applied sciences (HBO) or a bachelor’s degree from an academic university who do not meet the entry requirements may be eligible for an individual bridging programme. To be eligible for a bridging programme, the applicant’s BA degree must be within a relevant regional or disciplinary specialisation and he or she must have adequate proficiency in the language of the specialisation. Please contact the bridging programme’s Co-ordinator of Studies for more information.

Master details

  • Dit is een afstudeerrichting van: Middle Eastern Studies
  • Graad Master of Arts in Middle Eastern Studies
  • Onderwijsvorm Full-time
  • Duur 1 year
  • Start September, February
  • Taal English
  • Vestigingsplaats Leiden
  • Croho/isatcode 60842

Prof. Erik-Jan Zürcher

Erik-Jan Zürcher

“It is only possible to gain a better under-standing of present-day developments in the Middle East if you understand the historical background.”

“Leiden University enjoys a rich research tradition, and has a great many publications about Turkey to her name. The Turkish Languages and Cultures department is also well-known, particularly as text
books written in Leiden are used throughout the world.

This master’s programme focuses on the one hand on the origin of the modern Turkish nation state, and, on the other, on Turkey and the Ottoman Empire and their relationship to Europe. I myself am fascinated by the Middle East and by modern history, in particular the period around World War I. This makes Turkey a rewarding subject for study.

Until the First World War, the greater part of the Middle East belonged to the Ottoman Empire. Around 1918, the great empires came to an end: not only the Ottoman Empire, but also the German
Empire, the Hapsburg Empire and the Romanov Dynasty in Russia. The centuries-old multicultural Ottoman Empire was transformed into the modern mono-cultural republic of Turkey.

As a result of the start of accession talks between Turkey and the EU, the number of students with an interest in political science has been growing of late, but teaching in the MA specialisation Turkish Studies focuses primarily on the language, history and cultural heritage of Turkey. I firmly believe that it is only possible to gain a better understanding of present-day developments in the Middle East if
you understand the historical background.

Turkey is two things at the same time: a young state which has been created by a political elite, but also an ancient state, heir to the Ottoman Empire, which
existed for six hundred years. This has left its mark on the country.”

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